Italian bronze bust of Philip II (1527-98) King of Spain, wearing etched armour with the collar and badge of the Order of the Golden Fleece. An oval relief at the centre of the breastplate with a crucifix. Inscribed on the integrally-cast socle: PHI . REX . ANGL . ETC
In the inscription, Philip is designated King of England, reflecting his marriage to Mary Tudor at Winchester in July 1554. The bust must have been made before January 1556, when he succeeded his father Charles V as King of Spain. It was commissioned by the Duke of Alba, probably following his appointment as Governor of Milan in April 1555.
Kings of Castile and Spain→ FELIPE
Las infantas Isabel Clara Eugenia y Catalina Micaela, 1575. Detail.
The Infanta Catalina Micaela, daughter of Felipe II
Felipe II of Spain <—> Willem van Oranje.
Felipe of Spain <—> Willem-Alexander van Oranje-Nassau
-Fun fact: The Dutch Anthem tells the story of Willem van Oranje and why he is fighting against the King of Spain (Felipe II)
“Den Coninck van Hispaengien heb ick altijt gheeert” (“I have always honoured the King of Spain”)
The Infanta Catalina Micaela playing with her necklace in two portraits of Sánchez Coello c. 1575 and 1582.
European Dominions of Carlos I in 1519 and in 1547.
Isabel of Valois, Queen of Spain and daughter of Henry II of France and Catherine de’ Medici and her two daughters, the Infanta Isabel Clara Eugenia and the Infanta Catalina Micaela.
Isabel married Felipe II in 1559 and died in 1568, when the Infantas were two and one year old. Their father’s fourth wife, Ana of Austria, would become their mother in everything but name in 1570.
Philip II, King of Spain
by an unknown artist
Oil on canvas, circa 1580
Plus ultra, Latin for “further beyond”, is the national motto of the Kingdom of Spain. It was the personal motto of Carlos I, Holy Roman Emperor and became popular after he became king of both Aragon and Castile in the early 16th century. It subsequently became the motto of Habsburg Spain and featured on the Spanish dollar. The motto was used to encourage Spanish explorers to go beyond the Pillars of Hercules and on to the New World. Today the inscription, along with the Pillars of Hercules, is featured on both the national flag and emblem of modern Spain. It was also featured on the shield of the Second Spanish Republic.
Photo: Current Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Spain
Genealogical tree of the Kings of Spain, from the first Christian Visigoths Kings in the 7th century AD (although Hispania had been under Visigoth rule since the Vth century AD) to the current King and his Family, including his heirs, the Prince of Asturias and the Infanta Leonor.
(Go to the source for a readable version)