UNESCO awards its first Simon Bolivar International Prize jointly to Nelson Mandela and King Juan Carlos of Spain at a ceremony in Caracas, Venezuela, on the 200th anniversary of the birth of Simón Bolívar, 24 July 1983.
The International Simón Bolívar Prize serves to recognise activities of outstanding merit that, in accordance with the ideals of Latin American independence hero Simón Bolívar, “contribute to the freedom, independence and dignity of peoples and to the strengthening of a new international economic, social and cultural order”.
The Prize is awarded by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) every second year, on 24 July (the anniversary of Bolívar’s birth).
Photos: The President and the King at South Africa’s Parliament in 1999.
The Infanta Catalina Micaela of Spain and Portugal, Duchess of Savoy
Portrayed in more than half-length, Catalina Micaela (1567-1597) wears an entirely black dress with lace collar and cuffs, inner sleeves of golden white and white ribbons. A double string of pearls, a necklace, worked golden buttons and a belt are her rich jewelry. As in other court portraits, she rests her hand on an armchair in allusion to her high birth, while the other holds a feminine object, in this case her gloves.
This is Sánchez Coello’s only portrait of the adult Infanta. Made shortly before she left for Savoy, it is one of the painter’s most-valued works. A gradual abandonment of meticulousness, the free and loose brushstrokes clearly visible in the hair and headdress, and the range of colors used on the face all reveal Titian’s influence.
Some authors attribute this painting to Sofonisba Anguissiola.
The Infanta Doña Isabel’s, La Chata, dancing slippers.
King Alfonso XIII of Spain
I’m so sorry for the late answer, I completely missed this question!
I don’t think there were any protestant royals during the reformation. I know that Juana I’s daughter Isabel (Carlos I, Holy Roman Emperor’s sister), who became Queen of Denmark after her marriage to Christian II, became interested in Protestantism after her husband’s exile. Christian wanted her to hide this as it could only upset her powerful family and he needed all the help he could receive. (Fun fact, after she died there were masses held in her honor in Spain, the Netherlands and Hungary)
(And to add insult to the injury Isabel of Austria was named after her maternal grandmother Isabel, the Catholic Queen ;) )
Queen Isabella II of Spain. Late 1860s.
This woman is Victoria dal Pozzo, wife of Amadeo of Savoy. Amadeo was chosen by the Parliament to be King of Spain after Isabel II and the Glorious Revolution of 1868. His wife Victoria was Spain’s queen consort during his brief reign (1870-1873)
Federico de Madrazo: La Infanta Luisa Fernanda. Luisa Fernanda, Infanta of Spain and sister of Isabella II. She married Antoine d’Orléans, Duke of Montpensier, the youngest son of Louis Philippe. During the revolution of 1868, Montpensier supported the opponents of his sister-in-law, hoping to ascend to the throne. However, he dilapidated any possibility when he fought a duel against the Infante Enrique - brother of the consort king - and killed him. Montpensier was convicted and sentenced to prison. Obviously, the relationship between the two sisters had become by then very tense.
The Spanish parliament later chose Amadeo of Savoy as the new king. Montpensier and his family were exiled, but returned in 1874.