The love history of Inés de Castro and King Pedro I of Portugal.
Inés de Castro was a galician noblewoman born of a portuguese mother. She is best known as lover and posthumously exhumed and declared lawful wife of King Pedro I of Portugal, and therefore Infanta of Portugal by order of Pedro himself, as she died before he acceded to the Throne. Inés came to Portugal in 1340 as a maid of Infanta Constança of Castilla, recently married to Pedro, the heir apparent to the Portuguese Throne. The Prince fell in love with her and started to neglect his lawful wife, endangering the already feeble relations with Castilla. Moreover, Pedro’s love for Inés brought the exiled castilian Nobility very close to power, with Inés’s brothers becoming the Prince’s friends and trusted advisors. King Afonso IV of Portugal, Pedro’s father, disliked Inés’s influence on his son and waited for their mutual infatuation to wear off, but it did not. Constança of Castilla died in 1345. Afonso IV tried several times to arrange for his son to be remarried, but Pedro refused to take a wife other than Inés, who was not deemed eligible to be Queen. Pedro’s legitimate son, future King Fernando I of Portugal, was a frail child, whereas Pedro and Inés’s illegitimate children were thriving; this created even more discomfort among the portuguese Nobles, who feared the increasing castilian influence over Pedro. Afonso IV banished Inés from the Court after Constança’s death, but Pedro remained with her declaring her as his true love. After several attempts to keep the lovers apart, Afonso IV ordered Inés’s death. Pêro Coelho, Álvaro Gonçalves, and Diogo Lopes Pacheco went to the Monastery of Santa Clara-a-Velha in Coimbra, where Inés was detained, and killed her, decapitating her in front of her small child. When Pedro heard of this he sought out the killers and managed to capture two of them in 1361. He executed them publicly, ripping their hearts out claiming they didn’t have one having pulverized his own heart. Pedro became King of Portugal in 1357. He then stated that he had secretly married Inés, who was consequently the lawful Queen, although his word was, and still is, the only proof of the marriage. Legend has it that he had Inés’s body exhumed from her grave and forced the entire court to swear allegiance to their new Queen by kissing the corpse’s hand. She was later buried at the Monastery of Alcobaça where her coffin can still be seen, opposite Pedro’s so that, according to the legend, at the Last Judgment Pedro and Inés can look at each other as they rise from their graves. Both marble coffins are exquisitely sculpted with scenes from their lives and a promise by Pedro that they would be together until the end of the World. Inés de Castro and King Pedro I had four children, Prince Afonso, Infanta Beatriz, Prince João and Prince Dinis.
Isabel I of Castile and Fernando II of Aragón, the Catholic Monarchs, had 15 grandchildren that survived to adulthood.
→Juana I, Queen of Castile and later first Queen of Spain and her husband Felipe of Austria:
→ Maria, Queen consort of Portugal and King Manuel I:
→ Catalina, Queen consort of England and King Henry VIII:
Prince Felipe and Princess Letizia arrive for a dinner with the President of Portugal during their three-day official visit.
In Portugal the Prince and Princess will be received by the President and the First Lady, will visit the Parliament and meet with the main political parties and attend a dinner hosted by the president and a lunch hosted by the prime minister. They will also deliver the “Europa Nostra” Awards, visit an Iberian Lab of Nanotechnology and take part in a Spanish-Portuguese business meeting.
Royal Gathering at Windsor, November 17th, 1907.
Standing, from left to right:
The Princess Royal, the Duke of Connaught, Queen Maud of Norway with her son Crown Prince Olav, the German Emperor William II, the Princess of Wales, Princess Patricia of Connaught, the Prince of Wales, King Alfonso XIII of Spain, the German Empress Augusta Viktoria, Prince Arthur of Connaught, Queen Alexandra of the United Kingdom, Grand Duke Vladimir of Russia, Queen Victoria Eugenia of Spain, the Duchess of Connaught, Princess Victoria of the United Kingdom, Prince Johann of Saxony.
Sitting, from left to right: King Edward VII of the United Kingdom, the Infanta Doña Isabel of Spain, Princess Henry of Battenberg, Grand Duchess Vladimir, Queen Amélie of Portugal, the Duchess of Aosta and Princess Johann of Saxony.